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Few Useful Radiology Related Medical Textbooks (Part 1)

Henry Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body is available at http://www.bartleby.com/107 This 20th edition (1918) has many of its 1,247 illustrations in color and unchanged since the first edition of 1859. The illustrations may be searchable by keyword or by a table of contents or directly browsed by thumbnail. There are 13,000 entries presented in an encyclopedic subject index with hyperlinks to their respective pages and illustrations in the text.

2. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variations
is an useful educational site available at http://www.anatomyatlases.org/AnatomicVariants/AnatomyHP.shtml. Bergman RA, Afifi AK, and Miyauchi R have created this online illustrated encyclopaedia of human anatomic variation, which addresses the problems of anatomic variability. The encyclopedia deals with the comparative anatomy that is listed alphabetically or by region. The content is distinctively divided into regions such as muscular, cardiovascular, nervous skeletal, endocrine, gastrointestinal, genitourinary and respiratory systems. Moreover, the site also boasts of a large index of anatomic synonyms from the older English, French, and German literature.

3. Instant Anatomy
is an admirably, illustrated website dealing with Anatomy, albeit in a concise manner. The site, which is created and maintained by Andrew Whitaker, is accessible at http://www.instantanatomy.net/anatomy.html The educational material covers topics such as head and neck, thorax, arm, abdomen and leg

4. The Washington University School of Medicine Neuroscience Tutorial at http://thalamus.wustl.edu/course/ is an illustrated guide to the basics of Central Nervous System pathways. The pathways diagrammatically illustrated are basic visual, somatosensory, motor pathways, central visual pathways and the auditory and vestibular systems. There is also material on brainstem nuclei of cranial nerves, basal ganglia and cerebellum, hypothalamus and autonomic nervous system and medial temporal lobe and memory

5. Human Physiology
is accessible from http://cw.prenhall.com/bookbind/pubbooks/silverthorn2/ This Web-based Physiology textbook from the University of Texas is designed to enhance the study of human physiology. The Web-based medical textbook has material and quizzes to reinforce. A problem solving section at end of each chapter, a Destinations and a Surfing the Web area are additional features. The last named feature joins the information in the text with current research and medical breakthroughs.

6. Pulmonary Physiology in Clinical Practice Textbook
is a Web-based medical textbook authored by Dr. Lawrence Martin, and positioned on the Web from the Mt. Sinai Medical Center. This textbook available at http://www.mtsinai.org/pulmonary/books/physiology/ offers the fundamentals of pulmonary physiology. A range of chapters covering the spectrum of Pulmonary Physiology is available: These include alveolar ventilation, oxygen transfer, acid-base balance, pulmonary circulation, and mechanical ventilation.

7. NetBiochem
at http://www-medlib.med.utah.edu/NetBiochem/titles.htm is a site devoted to Biochemistry. Created by Knowledge Weavers with support from National Library of Medicine the site has didactic material on "topics in medical biochemistry", "tables that review and summarize metabolism" and "animated and still graphics". Popular topics include fatty acid metabolism, heme and iron metabolism, amino acid metabolism, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Animations are available for instance at section on Membranes.

Microbiology Textbook from the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine is accessible at http://www.med.sc.edu:85/default.htm and http://www.med.sc.edu/micro/book/welcome.htm There are over 70 chapters in the book. This online textbook edited by Dr Richard Hunt, has chapters that cover immunology, bacteriology, virology, parasitology and mycology. Interestingly, most chapters are accompanied by PowerPoint slide sets and lecture notes in Portable Document Files (pdf format).

9. Baron's Textbook of Medical Microbiology
at http://www.utmb.edu/medmicro/ is a Microbiology textbook written with a diverse audience of medical students, physicians and infectious disease scientists in mind. The textbook brings together more than 100 internationally leading scientists and is edited by Samuel Baron, MD from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. The site also contains an user friendly search engine.

E Synopsis Pathology at http://esynopsis.uchc.edu/ is a brief handbook containing material on Pathology. The text material, which is written succinctly, is based on a variety of systems. These systems include the cardiovascular, hematology, respiratory and gastrointestinal etc. Separate sections on breast, endocrine, musculoskeletal, skin and special sense organs are also available


It is generally believed that unrestricted and free access to scientific knowledge will be the prevailing pattern of online education in the years ahead. In the context of medicine, it is also thought that such a scenario will have a major impact on medical education and practice. A recently introduced site titled FreeBooks4Doctors at http://www.fb4d.com or http://www.freebooks4doctors.com, fashioned by Bernd Sebastian Kamps of Amedeo, is "dedicated to the promotion of free access to medical books over the Internet". It offers links to more than 400 books, sorted in nearly 100 specialties and sorted by title alphabetically, with the added promise of new books, every day.

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