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Few Useful Websites related to ENT Imaging

1. An Inner Ear Primer at http://www.mcl.tulane.edu/departments/pathology/fermin/InnerEarPrimer.html is a site crafted by Dr Ferminīs from the Department of Pathology at Tulane. The material comprising of text interspersed with links to line diagrams gives a simplistic view of the inner ear.

Virtual Tour of the Ear at http://ctl.augie.edu/perry/ear/ear.htm and at http://www.augie.edu/perry/ear/hearmech.htm has educative material on Hearing Mechanism, Disorders of Hearing, Presbycusis, Hair Cells of Inner Ear and a special section on Journals. Created by Perry C. Hanavan from Sioux Falls, the feature on the hearing mechanism is an illustrative guide on Auditory Mechanisms, Conductive and Sensorineural Mechanisms, and a large storehouse of images on Outer Middle and Inner Ear, Auditory Nerve and Pathways beside other important structures like facial nerve.

3. The Cochlea : a graphic tour of the inner ear's machinery
is presented at http://www.sissa.it/bp/Cochlea/. The material is available in the form of .avi movies on traveling waves physical foundations, outer hair cells probing electromotility in situ, transduction mechanisms a two-way system, organ of Corti mechanics electromotility and internal forces, calcium imaging visualizing intracellular Ca2+ dynamics> Additionally, A review on Cochlear Dynamics is available.

4. Ear function and CT appearance at http://www.sbu.ac.uk/~dirt/museum/ear_ct.html is a primer on anatomy and physiology of the ear. Produced by Ian Maddison, the educative material has digital images originally generated in 1988 under the title "Lend me your ears... " and has sections covering categories design requirements, protective mechanisms, transducer mechanisms, structures of the middle and inner ear and appearances of a few pathologies.

Cyberanatomy of the larynx is an illustrative treatise available at http://numedsun.ncl.ac.uk/~nds4/tutorials/larynx/text/index.html and specifically at http://anatome.ncl.ac.uk/tutorials/larynx/text/map.html . Written by Dr Donal Shanahan, from the Anatomy & Clinical Skills Centre of the Medical School at University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, the material covers cartilages, joints, membranes, muscles and nerves.

6. On-Line Airway Atlas at http://users.rcn.com/jsherry/airwaymap.html has material on Adult Airway, Pediatric Airway, Facial Anomalies and Laryngoscopes. The website created by John Sherry has illustrative material ; for example, the Adult Airway section has many images focusing on normal Vocal Cords, Intubation Granuloma, Hematoma, Nodule/Polyp/Leukoplakia Abscess, Cysts and Stenosis.

Electric Airway: Upper Airway Problems in Children is an educative material dealing with Pediatric Airway Disease. The material created by Donna M. Santer, M.D. and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. is presented at http://www.vh.org/Providers/Textbooks/ElectricAirway/ElectricAirway.html . The topics is neatly divided into sections that comprises of introduction to pediatric airway disease and educational objectives, anatomy, croup syndromes, acute epiglottitis, subglottic stenosis, tracheo/laryngomalacia , summary of pediatric airway disease and rounds off with a series of cases.

8. Dr. Quinn's Otolaryngology Grand Rounds Archive - 1995 - Present at http://www.utmb.edu/otoref/Grnds/GrndsIndex.html is a repository of handy educative material on Otolaryngology. Fashioned by Francis B. Quinn, Jr., Seinsheimer Professor of Otolaryngology and Pathology from University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB), the material is catalogued by successive years from 1995 to present and the topics cover the spectrum of important otolaryngology entities. These are flexibly available in a variety of formats namely Text in pdf or html or doc and Slides in pdf, pps and ppt

The Bobby R. Alford Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Communicative Sciences. Grand Rounds Archive from Baylor College of Medicine focuses on Grand Rounds presentations made each week. The comprehensive archive of the educative topics dating back to July 1991 is accessible at http://www.bcm.tmc.edu/oto/grand/grand.html . The useful list of topics are dealt with concisely and comprehensively and takes in Laryngology, Neoplasms of the Head and Neck, Otology/Neurotology, Pediatric Otolaryngology, Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Rhinology and Other Topics.

Head and Neck Cancer from http://www.headandneckcancer.org/ is essentially a front end web page of the American Head and Neck Society. The offical webpage has material on clinical practice guidelines on a variety of head and neck tumors including the elusive and dreaded unknown primary. Two useful sections that are expected shortly are critical pathways and Otobase a research tool for analyzing clinical data of Head and Neck Surgery.


Dysphagia Resource Center at http://www.dysphagia.com/ is a one stop resource for swallowing and swallowing disorders, covering sections the topics ranging from Anatomy and Physiology, Diseases and Dysphagia to Tutorials & Articles.

Temporomandibular Joint Tutorial Anatomy
at http://www.rad.washington.edu/anatomy/modules/TMJ/TMJ.html is another classic module from the Department of Radiology, U. Washington. Scripted by Thurman Gillespy III and Michael L.Richardson, the material is elegantly covered in separate sections under the following topics : TMJ Anatomy and Arthrography, CT and MRI of the TMJ.

Two comprehensive otolaryngology links are available at ENT Net at http://www.dundee.ac.uk/otolaryngology/Pages/web5.htm and CME 101.com at http://www.cme101.com/ent.htm


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