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Few Useful MRI Safety Websites

1. MRI Safety is available at http://www.mrisafety.com/. This site developed and maintained by Dr F.G. Shellock provides up-to-date information on MRI safety-related topics. Impressively, latest information is provided for screening patients with implants, materials, and medical devices. A key feature of the site is the List, which is a searchable database that contains over 1,200 implants and devices, including over 200 objects tested at 3-Tesla tested for MRI Safety. Moreover, there is a summary section, which is a presentation of over 100 peer-reviewed articles on MRI bioeffects and safety. Other features include a downloadable Pre-MRI Screening form, availability of safety topics and MRI safety.

MRI Safety page at http://www.radiology.upmc.edu/MRsafety/ is a database of Safety related issues. The site raised by Emanuel Kanal, Director, Clinical and Educational MR at University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania has a searchable database by virtue of a search engine as a special feature. Useful URLs within the site include http://www.radiology.upmc.edu/MRsafety/mrsearch1.html and http://www.radiology.upmc.edu/MRsafety/links.html .

3. The Institute for Magnetic Resonance Safety, Education and Research
(IMRSER) is a multidisciplinary, professional organization headed by Dr Frank Shellock as the Director. It focuses on information and research on magnetic resonance (MR) safety, while "promoting awareness, understanding, and communication of MR safety issues through education and research." The website is available at http://www.imrser.org/ and has useful sections including MRI Safety Guidelines and MR Safety Papers.

4. The US Food and Drug Administration has a Center for Devices and Radiological Health as an integral part of the Department of Human health & Services. Few online documents available include "A Primer on Medical Device Interactions with Magnetic Resonance Imaging Systems" at http://www.fda.gov/cdrh/ode/primerf6.html , The CDRH Guidance for Testing MR Interaction with Aneurysm Clips at http://www.fda.gov/cdrh/ode/odeclips.html , MRI Safety at http://www.fda.gov/cdrh/safety/mrisafety.html

MR Safety & Patient Comfort - GE Medical Systems at http://www.gemedicalsystems.com/rad/mri/safety/index.html throws the spotlight on the potential hazards that exist in a MR environment. On offer is MR Safety Tips, e-mail updates on topics of MR Safety after a mandatory registration and an article on Medical Devices and Accessories Developed for Use in the MR Environment and Interventional MRI Procedures by Dr. Shellock.

6. Anesthesia in the MRI suite is a featured section within Gasnet, a leading Anesthesia Website. This section available at http://gasnet.med.yale.edu/mri/index.php deals with issues concerning Anesthesia services in a typical MRI suite. The material covers a technical background of MRI and its effect on Anesthesia machines, besides briefly describing Anesthesia and monitoring equipment that may safely be used in the MRI suite.

MRI Artifacts by Wayne Patola and Bruce Coulter from the Department of Radiology, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, BC is available at http://www1.stpaulshosp.bc.ca/stpaulsstuff/MRartifacts.html . The illustrative gallery of artifacts covers a list of entites ranging from Moving Coil, Dentalwork, to RF Interference, Phased Array Coil Malfunction, Metal effects on Fat Saturation and also has few uncommon artifacts like Data Corruption From Archive Media etc.

8. Danger! Flying objects!
is an illustrative gallery from the educative Simply Physics, a MRI Portal created by Dr Moriel NessAiver, Ph.D. The gallery available at http://simplyphysics.com/flying_objects.html depicts the dangers due to common hospital based ferromagnetic medical equipment.

9. Two important MRI Accident Databases derived from database of Medical device related accidents and events is available from Maude Accidents Database accessible at http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfMAUDE/search.cfm and the UK Medical Devices Agency accessible at http://www.medical-devices.gov.uk/ .

10. A list of MRI safety documents are available at http://www.fmrib.ox.ac.uk/~peterj/safety_docs/index.html compiled by Peter Jezzard, http://www.radiologyinfo.org/content/safety/mri_safety.htm from Radiology Information.Org, Comparison of international MR safety guidelines by Greg Brown http://www.users.on.net/vision/q-a/safety.htm, Summary of MR Hazards at http://www.patientsafety.gov/alerts/MRI.doc and MRI Related Safety http://www.t2star.com/safety_1/MR_Safety.pdf


Slide Presentations on MRI Safety is available as 'MR Safety Presentation' by Mark Cohen & Susan Bookheimer at http://airto.loni.ucla.edu/BMCweb/Safety/SafetyTutorial/ and The Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre MRI safety course accessible at http://www.wbic.cam.ac.uk/~ejw1001/mrisafety/index.htm

And of course, MR Safety is the central theme in the July 2000 issue of the Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Wiley InterScience).

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